Aung san suu kyi myanmar

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Born:June 19, 1945 (age 76)YangonMyanmar...(Show more)Political Affiliation:National League zum Democracy...(Show more)Awards and Honors:Nobel compensation (1991)...(Show more)

Aung shannel Suu Kyi’s father wasAung San, a Burmese nationalist leader who was instrumental bei securing the independence von Burma (now Myanmar) from great Britain. He was assassinated in 1947. Her mother was Khin Kyi, a prominent Burmese diplomat.

Aung san Suu Kyi began a decades-long nonviolent battle fordemocracyandhuman rightsin Burma (now Myanmar) in the so late 1980s that garnered international attention.

Aung shannel Suu Kyi winner theNobel Prizefor Peace bei 1991 “for her non-violent struggle zum democracy und human rights.” due to the fact that 2016 she organized multiple government posts an Myanmar, consisting of that of statecounselor, which basically made produziert the de facto leader des the country.

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Aung shannel Suu Kyi, so called Daw Aung san Suu Kyi, (born June 19, 1945, Rangoon, Burma ), politician and opposition leader des Myanmar, daughter von Aung shannel (a martyred national hero von independent Burma) and Khin Kyi (a wichtig Burmese diplomat), und winner des the Nobel Prize zum Peace in 1991. She hosted multiple governmental write-ups from 2016, consisting of that von state counselor, which basically made her the de facto leader des the country. She was sidelined bei February 2021 when ns military seized power.

Early life

Aung shannel Suu Kyi was two years alt when produziert father, then the außerdem facto prime minister von what would certainly shortly become independent Burma, was assassinated. She attend schools bei Burma till 1960, when her mother was appointed ambassador zu India. After further study an India, she attended ns University of Oxford, wherein she met herstellung future husband, ns British scholar michael Aris. She and Aris had two children and lived a rather quiet life until 1988, when she returned kommen sie Burma kommen sie nurse her dying mother, leaving produziert husband und sons behind. There the mass slaughter von protesters against ns brutal und unresponsive rule von military strongman U Ne Win led her kommen sie speak out against him and to begin a nonviolent struggle zum democracy und human rights in that country.

Activism und house arrest

In July 1989 ns military government des the newly named gewerkschaftern of Myanmar (since 2011, Republic von the unionist of Myanmar) put Suu Kyi under house arrest in Yangon (Rangoon) and held produziert incommunicado. The military offered zu free her if she agreed kommen sie leave Myanmar, but she refused zu do deshalb until ns country was returned kommen sie civilian government und political prisoners were freed. The national League zum Democracy (NLD), which Suu Kyi had cofounded in 1988, won an ext than 80 percent of the houses of parliament seats the were contested in 1990, but die results des that election were ignored über the military government (in 2010 ns military government formally annulled the results des the 1990 election). The news that Suu Kyi was being given ns Nobel Prize collection off intense vilification of her by the government, and, because she was ausblüten being detained, produziert son, Alexander Aris, accepted die award in her place.

Suu Kyi was freed from house arrest bei July 1995, although limitations were placed on produziert ability zu travel outside Yangon. Ns following year she attended the NLD splitterpartei congress, but ns military federal government continued kommen sie harass both her und her party. In 1998 she announced the bildete of a representative committee that she asserted was die country’s legitimate ruling parliament. Michael Aris died bei London in early 1999. Prior kommen sie his death, die military junta denied ihm a visa to visit Suu Kyi in Myanmar, and Suu Kyi, anticipating that she would notfall be allowed kommen sie reenter the country if she left, remained an Myanmar.


Aung san Suu Kyi
Aung san Suu Kyi, 1996.
Richard Vogel—AP/

The junta as soon as again placed Suu Kyi under house arrest from september 2000 kommen sie May 2002, ostensibly zum having violated restrictions von attempting kommen sie travel external Yangon. Complying with clashes bolzen the NLD und pro-government demonstrators in 2003, ns government returned produziert to home arrest. Calls weil das her release continued throughout the international community in the confront of produziert sentence’s yearly renewal, and in 2009 a blume Nations body declared produziert detention ungesetzlich under Myanmar’s very own law. An 2008 die conditions of herstellung house arrest were rather loosened, allowing herstellung to receive some magazines and also letters from her children, who were both life abroad.

In may 2009, shortly before herstellung most recent sentence was to be completed, Suu Kyi was arrested und charged with having actually breached die terms of herstellung house arrest after in intruder (a U.S. Citizen) entered her house compound and spent two nights there. An August she was convicted and sentenced kommen sie three years in prison, though the sentence immediately was reduced kommen sie 18 months, und she was allowed kommen sie serve the while remaining under house arrest. At die time of produziert conviction, the belief was widespread both within and outside Myanmar that this recent ruling was designed kommen sie prevent Suu Kyi indigenous participating in multiparty parliamentary elections (the zuerst since 1990) scheduled zum 2010.

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That suspicion came to be reality through a collection of neu election legislations enacted in March 2010: one prohibited individuals from any type of participation in elections if they had been convicted von a crime (as she had been in 2009), und another disqualified anyone who was (or had been) married to a foreign national from running zum office. Bei support des Suu Kyi, ns NLD refused to reregister under those new laws (as was required) and was disbanded. The government parties faced wenig opposition in the november 7, 2010, election and easily won bei overwhelming majority des legislative seats amid prevalent allegations des voter fraud. Suu Kyi was released from home arrest sechs days after ns election and vowed zu continue produziert opposition to military rule.