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Key People:Richard StallmanKenneth lane ThompsonDennis M. Ritchie...(Show more)Related Topics:computer programming languageprocedural language...

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C, computer system programming language developed an the at an early stage 1970s über American computer system scientist dennis M. Ritchie punkt Bell Laboratories (formerly at&t Bell Laboratories). Samen was designed together a minimalist language zu be used in writing operation systems for minicomputers, such as the DEC PDP 7, which had very restricted memories compared with the mainframe computers des the period. The language was devised throughout 1969–73, alongside die early development des the UNIX operation system. It was based top top CPL (Combined Programming Language), which had actually been erste condensed into the b programming language—a stripped-down computer system programming language—created bei 1969–70 von Ken Thompson, bei American computer system scientist und a colleague des Ritchie. Ritchie ultimately rewrote and restored functions from CPL to create C and eventually rewrote die UNIX operation system in the new language.

As die UNIX system was enhanced, a series von changes take it place an C bolzen 1977 and 1979. During this time a description of the language came to be widely obtainable through a book, The c Programming Language (1978), by Brian W. Kernighan und Ritchie. An the mid-1980s it ended up being important zu establish an official standard zum C, due to the fact that it was being used an projects subject to commercial und government contracts. Bei 1983 the American national Standards academy (ANSI) set hoch a committee that additional amended und standardized ns language. Because then ns has to be referred zu as ANSI traditional C, und it remains popular bei the world des UNIX-like operation systems. C deshalb became one of the most typical programming language used for writing other system software und applications. Descendants of samen include Concurrent C, objective C, C*, C#, and the widely offered C++. Ns programming language Java was introduced in 1994 as a simplified subset of ns for deployment over the Internet and for use in portable devices with minimal memory or minimal processing capabilities.


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