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Following is a transcript von the video.

Du schaust: Elon musk starlink satelliten

You"re looking punkt 60 satellites hurtling into the sky. Und over die next couple of decades, elon Musk is hoping zu send 42,000 von these satellites zu space, fünfzehn times die number des operational satellites in orbit today. It"s part des Starlink, die expansive constellation native Musk and SpaceX that hopes kommen sie bring die world low-latency high-speed internet, promising no an ext buffering and nearly instantaneous internet in every corner of the world. However experts problem it may kommen sie at a hefty cost zum space exploration.

Nearly half of die world"s population does not have access to the internet, since most internet options require bei extensive track of costly secret cables, leaving many rural places offline. And while satellite internet tun können reach those areas...

Dave Mosher: timeless satellite internet is provided von a bus-sized spacecraft that zu sein launched 22,236 miles into space an orbit around Earth.

Narrator: That street means die satellite can reach places that cables can"t. But since that one satellite zu sein meant to leistungen a gewächs of people, its charme capability zu sein limited, i m sorry then boundaries connection speeds. And that signal has kommen sie travel a lang way, creating a lot of lag. This is where elon Musk and SpaceX come in.

Mosher: Starlink zu sein a globe-encircling network des internet-beaming satellites that ist trying kommen sie get you online no matter where freundin are bei the world.

Narrator: and there"s a quite persuading element for SpaceX together well.

Mosher: elon Musk has actually said he"s nur trying to grab a klein percentage des a trillion-dollar-a-year telecommunications sector around the world. If SpaceX kann sein pull this off, ns company might net around $30 to $50 billion a year.

Narrator: Musk und SpaceX chairman Gwynne Shotwell speak that much money can single-handedly fonds the development des Starlink, Starship, und SpaceX"s Mars-launch infrastructure. As of early October, spacex has launched an ext than 700 satellites right into orbit, v a plan to release a total of 12,000 over the next five years, half of them von the end of 2024. Und Musk wants kommen sie add one more 30,000 kommen sie that, coming kommen sie a total des 42,000 satellites circling Earth. All des these satellites will also be viel closer, everywhere from 200 zu 400 miles above die planet in low-Earth orbit.

Mosher: This reduces the connection delay that is found v traditional internet satellite.

Narrator: Once bei orbit, these Starlink satellites wollen be continually on ns move, which is why deswegen many space necessary.

Mosher: The belästigung is you oase to oase many satellites orbiting to make up zum the fact that sie can"t stay bei one spot above die Earth. Because you need several satellites overhead hinweisen any one time to startseite many users.

Narrator: Every satellite wollen connect with number of others via laser- beams, producing something like ns network"s backbone. And to actually carry this internet into your home, you"ll need to get a pizza-sized antenna. This phased-array antenna tun können aim its beam weist whatever satellite is overhead, which will maintain an internet signal bei your home. Yet this plan isn"t there is no problems. Starlink satellites space bright. They reflect die sunlight und shine it zurück towards Earth, deswegen they ende up looking prefer bright moving stars. As cool as it may look, that comes with problems.

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Mosher: Starlink satellites are many visible in the night skies right before dawn und right after dusk, which ist the exact time the astronomers are hunting weil das near-Earth objects or asteroids, objects that can hit Earth und possibly harm us.

Narrator: und as an ext satellites go up, so does the likelihood that they"ll interfere through astronomers" views. Mosher: If Starlink continues zu be a belästigt for these type des sky surveys, we might not schutz as viel notice as we want kommen sie detect a near-Earth object and thwart it and prevent that from hitting Earth.

Narrator: past detecting deadly asteroids, ns wall des satellites could also obstruct the search zum new planets or even schwarze farbe holes.

Mosher: spacex realized that had zu do something, and it did. It created what"s referred to as a DarkSat, which zu sein a satellite that has all des its shiny parts coated in a an extremely black, dark material.

Narrator: It deshalb tried adding visors zu shield those shiny components from ns ground. But unless the satellites space cloaked like a spaceship bei "Star Trek," an innovation that does notfall exist, none of this wollen fully solve die problem. And even if it did, there ist a much bigger issue weist hand.

Mosher: There"s a problem about an are debris, because when you have dafür many satellites in the closest, tightest, densest orbits about Earth, there"s a higher chance that those satellites can collide with each various other or with other satellites.

Narrator: Those crashes would produce clouds von debris that can orbit the Earth for years, decades, or also centuries.

Mosher: und that debris kann then disable or reason other satellites kommen sie crash into each other, developing even an ext debris, and this belästigt spirals out of control in bei effect called the Kessler syndrome. And if we reach that, then essentially space zu sein too unsafe zu access.

Narrator: kommen sie be clear, the risk von a runaway Kessler syndrome is very low.

Mosher: But die potential impacts des that are deshalb high that researchers are working very hard kommen sie control such an event from ever happening.

Narrator: spacex has claimed its satellites tun können automatically move out des the way kommen sie avoid collisions. Yet dozens des SpaceX satellites are currently disabled und can"t move weist all, posing a potential threat. Und those involved with SpaceX"s plans space lobbying the FCC zu rein in the company and more strikt regulate low-Earth orbit. And that can make it an ext expensive and harder to deploy die planned 42,000 satellites. However it doesn"t stop punkt Starlink.

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Amazon"s Kuiper project, OneWeb, China"s Hongyan, und other jobs are looking zu challenge SpaceX über launching your own global networks of hundreds or thousands von satellites. If castle all got their means with little to no regulation, we could ende up with 100,000 satellites encasing our world within die next 10 years, significantly increasing die risk des blocking off space zum everyone.