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Home홈페이지 | education & culture | Info-pedia vereinigte staaten von amerika | prominent Documents von American History and Democracy | Martin luther King, Jr. : I have a Dream speech (1963)

On august 28, 1963, some 100 year after president Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves, a young man named martin Luther king climbed ns marble steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. To describe his vision of America. An ext than 200,000 people-black and white-came zu listen. Lock came by plane, von car, über bus, von train, and by foot. They came zu Washington kommen sie demand equal rights for black people. And the dream the they heard on ns steps of the monument became die dream of a generation.

As far as schwarz Americans to be concerned, ns nation’s response to Brown was agonizingly slow, und neither zustand legislatures nor the Congress seemed willing zu help their reason along. Finally, President john F. Kennedy known that just a solid civil rights bill would put teeth into the drive zu secure equal protection des the laws zum African Americans. On June 11, 1963, that proposed such a bill to Congress, asking zum legislation that would carry out “the kind of equality des treatment i beg your pardon we would want zum ourselves.” southern representatives an Congress managed to block die bill in committee, and civil legal rights leaders sought some way to build political momentum behind die measure.

A. Philip Randolph, a job leader und longtime civil rights activist, called zum a substantial march ~ above Washington to dramatize the issue. The welcomed ns participation des white groups and black bei order to demonstrate die multiracial backing for civil rights. The various elements des the civil rights movement, many von which had actually been wary des one another, agreed zu participate. The National verband for die Advancement of Colored People, the Congress von Racial Equality, die Southern christian Leadership Conference, ns Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee and the Urban organization all managed to bury your differences and work together. Ns leaders also agreed kommen sie tone down die rhetoric des some of the more militant activists zum the sake of unity, and they worked closely with the Kennedy administration, i beg your pardon hoped the march would, in fact, lead kommen sie passage of the civil rights bill.

On august 28, 1963, under a nearly cloudless sky, much more than 250,000 people, a fifth von them white, gathered near die Lincoln Memorial bei Washington zu rally zum “jobs und freedom.” the roster des speakers included speakers from practically every segment von society — job leaders favor Walter Reuther, clergy, film stars such together Sidney Poitier und Marlon Brando und folksingers such together Joan Baez. Each von the speakers was allotted fifteen minutes, but ns day belonged to ns young und charismatic leader des the Southern christen Leadership Conference.

Dr. Martin Luther könig Jr. Had actually originally all set a short and somewhat official recitation von the sufferings von African americans attempting to realize your freedom in a die gesellschaft chained von discrimination. He was about kommen sie sit down when gospel singer Mahalia Jackson called out, “Tell them around your dream, Martin! Tell them about die dream!” Encouraged von shouts from the audience, King drew upon some von his past talks, and the result became die landmark statement des civil rights bei America — a dream von all people, des all races and colors and backgrounds, sharing in bei America marked über freedom and democracy.

For additional reading: herbert Garfinkel, when Negroes March: die March top top Washington…(1969); taylor Branch, Parting the Waters: America bei the king Years, 1954-1963 (1988); Stephen B. Oates, Let die Trumpet Sound: the Life of martin Luther king Jr. (1982).“I schutz A DREAM” (1963)

I am happy kommen sie join with freundin today an what will go down in history as die greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we gestanden today, signed ns Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a good beacon of hope zu millions of slaves, who had been seared in the flames of whithering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night des their captivity. However one century later, die colored America is still not free. One century later, die life von the fancy American is blieb sadly crippled über the manacle of segregation und the chains von discrimination.

One century later, die colored American lives on a lonely island of poverty an the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, die colored American is blieb languishing bei the corners des American society and finds himself in exile bei his own land deswegen we have kommen sie here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we have come to ours Nation’s Capital zu cash a check. When ns architects von our great republic wrote ns magnificent words of the Constitution und the Declaration des Independence, they to be signing a promissory klasse to which every American was to fall heir.

This note was a promise that all men, yes, schwarze farbe men and white men, would certainly be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious heute that America has defaulted top top this promissory klasse insofar as produziert citizens of color room concerned. Instead of honoring this spiritual obligation, America has provided its colored human being a badewanne check, a check that has come rückseitig marked “insufficient funds.”

But us refuse to believe that the bank of justice ist bangeorgewoodcock.comupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the an excellent vaults of opportunity von this nation. Deshalb we have come to cash this check, a inspect that möchte give united state upon demand die riches von freedom und security of justice.

We have deshalb come to his hallowed spot kommen sie remind America des the fierce urgency von Now. This is not time kommen sie engage in the luxury des cooling turn off or kommen sie take ns tranquilizing drug von gradualism.

Now ist the time kommen sie make ja wirklich the promise des democracy.

Now it ns time kommen sie rise from die dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice.

Now it ns time kommen sie lift our land from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.

Now is the time kommen sie make righteousness a reality kommen sie all of God’s children.

I would be fatal for the land to overlook the urgency of the moment und to underestimate ns determination des it’s colored citizens. This sweltering summer des the fancy people’s legit discontent will notfall pass till there is bei invigorating autumn of freedom und equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end however a beginning. Those who hope that ns colored americans needed kommen sie blow turn off steam und will now be content will oase a crude oil awakening if the land returns to business as usual.

There wollen be neither rest nor tranquility an America until die colored citizen ist granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations von our land until the bright day von justice emerges.

We tun können never be satisfied as lang as our bodies, hefty with die fatigue of travel, cannot acquire lodging bei the motels von the highways and the hotels of the cities.

We can not be to solve as long as ns colored person’s grundlegend mobility is from a smaller ghetto kommen sie a bigger one.

We kann never be satisfied as long as our kids are stripped von their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating “for white only.”

We can not be to solve as long as a colored person bei Mississippi can not vote and a fancy person an New york believes he has nothing for which zu vote.

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No, no us are not satisfied and we will not be satisfied till justice roll down favor waters und righteousness favor a mighty stream.

I bei der not unmindful the some von you have come here out von your trials und tribulations. Some von you have come from locations where your quest zum freedom left sie battered über storms des persecutions und staggered von the winds von police brutality.

You oase been ns veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with ns faith the unearned suffering ist redemptive.

Go back to Mississippi, go rückseitig to Alabama, go back to southern Carolina go rückseitig to Georgia, go rückseitig to Louisiana, go rückseitig to ns slums und ghettos of our modern-day cities, knowing that somehow this situation can und will it is in changed.

Let us notfall wallow in the valley of despair. Ich say to you, my friends, we have the difficulties of today und tomorrow.

I blieb have a dream. It ist a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that sooner or later this land will increase up und live out the true meaning von its creed. We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are produced equal.

I schutz a dream that at some point out in the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons von former slaveowners wollen be able kommen sie sit down with each other at the table of brotherhood.

I schutz a dream that one day even die state von Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of oppression, möchte be transformed into in oasis von freedom und justice.

I oase a dream that my four wenig children wollen one job live in a land where castle will not be judged von the color des their skin but über their character.

I have a dream today.

I oase a dream that one day down bei Alabama, v its vicious racists, v its governor having actually his lips dripping with the words des interposition und nullification; that one day ideal down an Alabama little schwarz boys and black girls will be able zu join hand with little white boys and white girls as sisters und brothers.

I have a dream today.

I oase a dream that one day every sink shall it is in engulfed, every hill shall it is in exalted and every hill shall it is in made low, die rough places wollen be make plains and the crooked places möchte be do straight und the glory von the mr shall be revealed and all meat shall see it together.

This is our hope. This ist the faith that i will go zurück to the South with. V this belief we will be able kommen sie hew out of the mountain of despair a stone von hope.

With this belief we wollen be able to transform die jangling discords von our land into a beautiful symphony des brotherhood.

With this faith we wollen be able kommen sie work together, kommen sie pray together, to struggle together, zu go to jail together, zu climb up for freedom together, discovering that we wollen be free one day.

This möchte be die day wie man all des God’s children wollen be able zu sing with neu meaning “My country ’tis des thee, sweet festland of liberty, von thee i sing. Land where mine father’s died, festland of ns Pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let flexibility ring!”

And if America ist to it is in a great nation, this must come to be true. Deshalb let freedom runde from die hilltops of new Hampshire. Permit freedom runde from ns mighty hills of new York.

Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania.

Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies des Colorado.

Let freedom runde from the curvaceous slopes of California.

But not only that, let freedom, runden from abwesend Mountain von Georgia.

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Let freedom ring from every hill und molehill von Mississippi and every mountainside.

When us let liberty ring, when we let it runden from every tenement and every hamlet, from every state und every city, we will be able kommen sie speed up that day wie all von God’s children, black men und white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants und Catholics, will be able zu join hands und sing an the words von the old spiritual, “Free punkt last, free weist last. Thank God Almighty, we space free hinweisen last.”